Staatsoberhaupt: Staatspräsident Xi Jinping. ", "A deepening dictatorship promises a grim future for China", "Emasculate America: The dictator's plan for world domination", "Kim Jong Un entertains Xi Jinping at home", "China's war on words show Xi Jinping is a dictator for life | Opinion", "Opinion: Xi Jinping – Today's chairman, tomorrow's dictator? ", "Xi Jinping: China's 'princeling' new leader", "Ending Congress, China Presents New Leadership Headed by Xi Jinping", "After months of mystery, China unveils new top leaders", "A Promise to Tackle China's Problems, but Few Hints of a Shift in Path", "Full text: China's new party chief Xi Jinping's speech", "The symbolism of Xi Jinping's trip south", "China's Xi Jinping formally assumes title of president", "China's Xi Jinping hints at backing Sri Lanka against UN resolution", "CY Leung to meet Xi Jinping in Beijing and explain cross-border policies", "China names Xi Jinping as new president", "Elite in China Face Austerity Under Xi's Rule", "President Xi's Anti-Corruption Campaign Biggest Since Mao", "China's Soft-Power Deficit Widens as Xi Tightens Screws Over Ideology", "China's former military chief of staff jailed for life for corruption", "China's anti-corruption campaign expands with new agency", "China's New Leadership Takes Hard Line in Secret Memo", "Seven subjects off limits for teaching, Chinese universities told", "China's Xi Jinping unveils his top party leaders, with no successor in sight", "The great firewall of China: Xi Jinping's internet shutdown", "Xi outlines blueprint to develop China's strength in cyberspace", "Tiananmen Censorship Reflects Crackdown Under Xi Jinping", "On Internet freedoms, China tells the world, 'leave us alone, "Wikipedia blocked in China in all languages", China Tells Carries to Block Access to Personal VPNs by February, "Winnie the Pooh censored in China after President Xi Jinping comparisons", "Why Xi Jinping is called Winnie the Pooh on Twitter? [30][31] In 1963, when he was age 10, his father was purged from the Party and sent to work in a factory in Luoyang, Henan. [92], During the first three years of Xi's term, he initiated cases against former Central Military Commission vice-chairmen Xu Caihou and Guo Boxiong, former Politburo Standing Committee member and security chief Zhou Yongkang and former Hu Jintao chief aide Ling Jihua. This trip, and his two-week stay with a U.S. family, is said to have had a lasting impression upon him and his views on the United States. [195], On 4 June 2019, Xi told the Russian news agency TASS that he was "worried" about the current tensions between the U.S. and Iran. [318], General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party, Meme comparing Winnie the Pooh to Xi Jinping, CPC Committee Secretaries and Governors of, Trips as Vice President and Mexico commentary incident, Winnie the Pooh caricature and censorship. "[note 5][72] The story was reported on some local television stations. His anti-corruption campaign has led to the downfall of prominent incumbent and retired Communist Party officials, including members of the Politburo Standing Committee. That makes it riskier than ever", "World Report 2018: Rights Trends in China", "Repression in China at worst level since Tiananmen Square, HRW warns", "China widens crackdown against grassroot activists", "Wang Quanzhang: The lawyer who simply vanished", "Chinese dream turns sour for activists under Xi Jinping", "Replace pictures of Jesus with Xi to escape poverty, Chinese villagers urged", "Jesus won't save you – President Xi Jinping will, Chinese Christians told", "Group: Officials destroying crosses, burning bibles in China", "Fear and oppression in Xinjiang: China's war on Uighur culture", "President Xi Jinping makes inspection tour in Xinjiang", Ministry of Agriculture of the People's Republic of China, "Opinion | What Xi Jinping Hasn't Learned From China's Emperors", "More than 20 ambassadors condemn China's treatment of Uighurs in Xinjiang", "Huawei's human rights record needs scrutiny before Britain signs 5G contracts", "The "22 vs. 50" Diplomatic Split Between the West and China Over Xinjiang and Human Rights", "China Rebuked by 22 Nations Over Xinjiang Repression", Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, "Which Countries Are For or Against China's Xinjiang Policies? [223] BRI has been called Xi's "signature project", involving numerous infrastructure development and investment projects throughout Asia, Europe, Africa, and the Americas. [181] The U.S. has been critical of Chinese actions in the South China Sea. [110] Xi has taken a very strong stand to control internet usage inside China, including Google and Facebook,[111] advocating Internet censorship in the country as the concept of "internet sovereignty. The younger Xi’s early childhood was largely spent in the relative luxury of the residential compound of China’s ruling elite in Beijing. [136][137] The village of Liangjiahe, where Xi was sent to work, has become a "modern-day shrine" decorated with Communist propaganda and murals extolling the formative years of his life. Es gelte, die von Partei und Volk zugewiesenen Aufgaben zu erfüllen. His father was later thrown into prison in 1968 when Xi was aged 15. ", "Joint Statement, Delivered by UK Rep to UN, on Xinjiang at the Third Committee Dialogue of the Committee for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination", "China's treatment of Uyghurs in Xinjiang divides UN members", "Statement at UN supports China on Xinjiang", "More countries join condemnation of China over Xinjiang abuses", "WHO dementiert Telefongespräch mit Chinas Präsident", "Chinese tycoon who criticized Xi Jinping's handling of coronavirus jailed for 18 years", "China going carbon neutral before 2060 would lower warming projections by around 0.2 to 0.3 degrees C", "China, the world's top global emitter, aims to go carbon-neutral by 2060", "China's top climate scientists unveil road map to 2060 goal", "Leader Taps into Chinese Classics in Seeking to Cement Power", "Why Xi Jinping's China is Legalist, Not Confucian", "Is 'China's Machiavelli' Now Its Most Important Political Philosopher? He travelled in a large van with his colleagues rather than a fleet of limousines, and did not restrict traffic on the parts of the highway he travelled. Xi Jinping: Russland und China sollten gemeinsam Völkerrecht schützen Der chinesische Staatspräsident sprach auf einer Festveranstaltung in Peking anlässlich des 40. "Matters in Asia ultimately must be taken care of by Asians. [232] According to activists, "Xi is waging the most severe systematic suppression of Christianity in the country since religious freedom was written into the Chinese constitution in 1982", and according to pastors and a group that monitors religion in China, has involved "destroying crosses, burning bibles, shutting churches and ordering followers to sign papers renouncing their faith". [170], On 21 April 2016, Xi was named commander-in-chief of the country's new Joint Operations Command Center of the People's Liberation Army by Xinhua News Agency and the broadcaster China Central Television. Regierungschefin Carrie Lam Cheng Yuet-ngor wird auf der Amtseinführungszeremonie vereidigt. Xi also said that they "are willing to create broad space for peaceful reunification, but will leave no room for any form of separatist activities,"[291][292] Tsai Ing-Wen responded to the speech by saying Taiwan would not accept a one country, two systems arrangement with the mainland, while stressing for the need of all cross-strait negotiations to be on a government-to-government basis. [38] The Washington Post reported from a single source that Xi may have been injured in an altercation during a meeting of the "red second generation" which turned violent. He eventually took over as provincial Party Committee Secretary after several months as acting governor, occupying a top provincial office for the first time in his career. [295] Xi and Peng were introduced by friends as many Chinese couples were in the 1980s. The statement "spoke positively of the results of counter-terrorism and de-radicalization measures in Xinjiang and noted that these measures have effectively safeguarded the basic human rights of people of all ethnic groups. [268] He has called traditional culture the "soul" of the nation and the "foundation" of the CCP's culture. [105], Since Xi became the CCP General Secretary, internet censorship in China has been significantly stepped up. [210][211][212] In October 2015, he made a state visit to the United Kingdom, the first by a Chinese leader in a decade. [93] Along with new disciplinary chief Wang Qishan, Xi's administration spearheaded the formation of "centrally-dispatched inspection teams" (中央巡视组). [143], In March 2018, the party-controlled National People's Congress passed a set of constitutional amendments including removal of term limits for the president and vice president, the creation of a National Supervisory Commission, as well as enhancing the central role of the Communist Party. Xi Jinping drückt Raul seine Bereitschaft aus, gemeinsam ein neues Kapitel der chinesisch-kubanischen Freundschaft zu schreiben. [299], In June 2012, Bloomberg News reported that members of Xi's extended family have substantial business interests, although there was no evidence he had intervened to assist them. "[264], Xi's leadership has been characterised by a resurgence of the ancient political philosophy Legalism. Lieber Cro. The report published over the weekend said Xi urged the WHO chief to “delay a global warning” about the pandemic and hold back information on human-to-human transmission of the virus, but WHO denied German allegations. [54] While in Shanghai, he worked on preserving unity of the local party organisation. [293], Xi married Ke Lingling, the daughter of Ke Hua, China's ambassador to the United Kingdom in the early 1980s. [276], In Xi's view, the Communist Party is the legitimate, constitutionally-sanctioned ruling party of China, and that the party derives this legitimacy through advancing the Mao-style "mass line Campaign"; that is the party represents the interests of the overwhelming majority of ordinary people. Xi made the announcement for the initiative while in Astana, Kazakhstan, and called it a "golden opportunity". [125], Political observers have called Xi the most powerful Chinese leader since Chairman Mao Zedong, especially since the ending of presidential two-term limits in 2018. [282], Xi has supported the Hong Kong Government and incumbent Chief Executive Carrie Lam against the protesters in the 2019–20 Hong Kong protests. [178] China–Japan relations have soured under Xi's administration; the most thorny issue between the two countries remains the dispute over the Senkaku islands, which China calls Diaoyu. Rather than dining out, Xi and his entourage ate regular hotel buffet. In October 2010 Xi was named vice chairman of the powerful Central Military Commission (CMC), a post once held by Hu (who since 2004 had been chair of the commission) and generally considered a major stepping-stone to the presidency. Xi Jinping führt Inspektionstour in Hefei durch. Freedom House Sonderbericht: Die Schlacht um Chinas Geist – Religiöse Erneuerung, Unterdrückung und Widerstand unter Xi Jinping (Teil 10) Falun Gong ist nach wie vor ein Tabuthema in China. [52][53] In Shanghai, Xi avoided controversy and was known for strictly observing party discipline. ", "Beijing Police Detain Hundreds For Trying to Visit Chinese Leaders Over New Year", "Xi Jinping Millionaire Relations Reveal Fortunes of Elite", "China blocks Bloomberg for exposing financial affairs of Xi Jinping's family", "As China's Leader Fights Graft, His Relatives Shed Assets", "The Panama Papers are super awkward for Beijing", "Xi Jinping's family linked to Panama Papers", "Xi Jinping, likely China's next leader, called pragmatic, low-key", "China leader-in-waiting carries heavy political baggage to U.S.", "Xi, in 'Godfather' Mold, Looks Assertive and Even Imperial", "Xi Jinping shows his love of Game of Thrones but warns reality must not mirror fantasy", "Glowing profile cracks door open on private life of China's Xi", "Chinese President Xi Jinping in Cartoons", "Chairman Xi crushes dissent but poor believe he's making China great", "The World's Most Popular Leader: China's President Xi", "Michelle Obama is the world's most admired woman", "Xi Jinping has more clout than Donald Trump. He also held the position of general secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP; 2012– ). During that period he developed an especially good relationship with the local peasantry, which would aid the wellborn Xi’s credibility in his eventual rise through the ranks of the CCP. '", Economy, Elizabeth C. "China's New Revolution: The Reign of Xi Jinping. [116] In 2017, telecommunications carriers in China were instructed by the government to block individuals' use of Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) by February 2018. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In addition, Xi held the "New Gutian Conference" in 2014, gathering China's top military officers, re-emphasizing the principle of "the party has absolute control over the army" first established by Mao at the 1929 Gutian Conference. [91] A few months into his term, Xi outlined the "eight-point guide", listing rules intended to curb corruption and waste during official party business; it aimed at stricter discipline on the conduct of party officials. [119][120] When Xi Jinping inspected troops through his limousine's sunroof, a popular meme was created with Winnie the Pooh in a toy car. ", "China Is Likely to Enter Another Long Period of Severe Dictatorship", "China Now Faces the Downsides of Dictatorship", "The Chinese export we really should be worried about: repression", "Profile: Chinese Vice President Xi Jinping", "Xi Jinping's Inner Circle (Part 2: Friends from Xi's Formative Years)", "Connecting the dots of the Hong Kong law and veneration of Xi", "The power behind the thrones: 10 political movers and shakers who will shape 2020", "Who Is 'Uncle He?' The answer, according to Xi's programme, is two-fold: strengthen the party from within, by streamlining strict party discipline and initiating a large anti-corruption campaign to remove unsavoury elements from within the party, and re-instituting the Mass Line Campaign externally to make party officials better understand and serve the needs of ordinary people. [55] On most issues Xi largely echoed the line of the central leadership. [185] Addressing a regional conference in Shanghai on 21 May 2014, he called on Asian countries to unite and forge a way together, rather than get involved with third party powers, seen as a reference to the United States. Nationaler Volkskongress am 18. [184], Xi has also indirectly spoken out critically on the U.S. "strategic pivot" to Asia. [200] In October 2013 Xi attended the APEC Summit in Bali, Indonesia. He became friends with Liu He, who attended Beijing No. While in Zhejiang, Xi presided over reported growth rates averaging 14% per year. [63] Former U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson described Xi as "the kind of guy who knows how to get things over the goal line". [289] According to the Brookings Institution, Xi used stronger language on potential Taiwan independence than his predecessors towards previous DPP governments in Taiwan. ", Foot, Rosemary, and Amy King. Sagt Trump:Meine U-Boote Können ein Jahr unter Wasser Bleiben. BEIJING—In the two years before Xi Jinping became China’s leader in 2012, U.S. officials tried to size him up through a series of face-to-face meetings. In official party documentation and pronouncements by Xi's colleagues, the Thought is said to be a continuation of Marxism–Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the "Three Represents", and the Scientific Development Perspective, as part of a series of guiding ideologies that embody "Marxism adopted to Chinese conditions" and contemporary considerations. Kanzlerin Angela Merkel bei ihrem Treffen mit Chinas Präsidenten, Xi Jinping. Her first novel. His predecessor in the position was among those who had been tainted by a wide-ranging pension fund scheme. [161], Xi has overseen significant reforms of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI), CCP's highest internal control institution. Xi has been the paramount leader of China, the most prominent political leader in China, since 2012. Präsident Xi Jinping unter der Kontrolle der Rechte, der oben genannten Gesetze zu handeln. He received 2,952 for, one vote against, and three abstentions. [43] Xi subsequently served in four provinces during his regional political career: Hebei (1982–1985), Fujian (1985–2002), Zhejiang (2002–2007), and Shanghai (2007). ", "China's parliament re-elects Xi Jinping as president", "Xi reappointed as China's president with no term limits", "Li Keqiang endorsed as China's premier; military leaders confirmed", "China's foreign minister gains power in new post as state councillor", "China's Xi Jinping says he is opposed to life-long rule", "Chinese President Xi Jinping's show of support for state-owned firms 'no surprise', analysts say", "Xi says it's wrong to 'bad mouth' China's state firms... but country needs private sector as well", "China and Economic Reform: Xi Jinping's Track Record", "Xi says no one can 'dictate to the Chinese people, "As China settles in for trade war, leader Xi emphasizes 'self reliance, "Xi Jinping's Ambitious Agenda for Economic Reform in China", "Leading Group's focus is to deepen reform", "China formally abolishes decades-old one-child policy", "Communist Party pledges greater role for constitution, rights in fourth plenum", "The Fourth Plenum, Party Officials and Local Courts", "How China is replacing America as Asia's military titan", "China's Communist Party has one more reason to celebrate – a year longer in power than the U.S.S.R.", "President Xi Jinping: A man with a dream", "China Announces Cuts of 300,000 Troops at Military Parade Showing Its Might", "It's Official: China's Military Has 5 New Theater Commands", "China's Strategic Support Force: A Force for Innovation? Photo: Estudio Revolución. NEOS und SPÖ gehen davon aus, dass der Vorschlag überarbeitet wird. Former prime minister of Singapore, Lee Kuan Yew, when asked about Xi, said he felt he was "a thoughtful man who has gone through many trials and tribulations". Die erste jährliche Sitzung der zwölften Legislaturperiode fand vom 5. bis zum 17. [269] Hanfu, the traditional dress of Han Chinese, has seen a revival under him. 25 School,[27] and then Beijing Bayi School,[28][29] in the 1960s. Schweizerische Bundeskanzlei BK. [126][274], Xi himself has described the Thought as part of the broad framework created around Socialism with Chinese Characteristics, a term coined by Deng Xiaoping that places China in the "primary stage of socialism". Die Legislaturperiode des Landeskomitees der PKKCV beträgt 5 Jahre. While there he focused on restructuring the province’s industrial infrastructure in order to promote sustainable development. Im März 2014 unternahm Xi eine Inspektionsreise im Kreis Lankao in der zentralchinesischen Provinz Henan. [73], In the European Union, Xi visited Belgium, Germany, Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania from 7 to 21 October 2009. Weitgehend unstrittig ist, dass Xi Jinping im Amt des Generalsekretärs der Partei und damit als Staatspräsident bestätigt werden wird. Xi managed to consolidate power at a rapid pace during his first term as China’s president. The news led to a flood of discussions on Chinese Internet forums and it was reported that the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs was caught off-guard by Xi's remarks, as the actual video was shot by some accompanying Hong Kong reporters and broadcast on Hong Kong TV, which then turned up on various Internet video websites. In 1974 Xi became an official party member, serving as a branch secretary, and the following year he began attending Beijing’s Tsinghua University, where he studied chemical engineering. Xi Jinping wurde 1953 als Sohn eines Führers der Kommunistischen Partei Chinas (KPCh) geboren und arbeitete sich bis in die Parteiränge vor, um ein wichtiger Akteur im chinesischen Politbüro zu werden. [281] He has pushed for the Greater Bay Area project, which aims to integrate Hong Kong, Macau, and nine other cities in Guangdong. Demnach wurde der 64-jährige Xi Jinping für weitere fünf Jahre im Amt des Generalsekretärs bestätigt. Im Gratulationsschreiben bemerkte Kim Jong Un, dass er Xi Jinping seine herzlichste Gratulation und … Xi Jinping[note 2] (/ˌʃiː dʒɪnˈpɪŋ/ SHEE jin-PING; Chinese: 习近平; born 15 June 1953) is a Chinese politician who has served as General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and Chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC) since 2012, and President of the People's Republic of China (PRC) since 2013. (Redakteur: Daniel Yang) [203], Xi went on an official state visit to India and met with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in September 2014; he visited New Delhi and also went to Modi's hometown in the state of Gujarat. [157] The one-child policy was also abolished, resulting in a shift to a two-child policy from 1 January 2016. Weitgehend unstrittig ist, dass Xi Jinping im Amt des Generalsekretärs der Partei und damit als Staatspräsident bestätigt werden wird. Nächster Aufreger um U-Ausschuss. [307][308] He is also a fan of HBO television series Game of Thrones, watching a condensed version due to tight schedules. The total number of countries that denounced China increased to 39, while the total number of countries that defended China decreased to 45. In 2018, he abolished presidential term limits, allowing him to rule indefinitely. Alexandria . Erster Sekretär des Zentralkomitees der Kommunistischen Partei Kubas. Xi was Governor of Fujian from 1999 to 2002, before becoming Governor and Party Secretary of neighbouring Zhejiang from 2002 to 2007. [187], In April 2015, new satellite imagery revealed that China was rapidly constructing an airfield on Fiery Cross Reef in the Spratly Islands of the South China Sea. Boluan Fanzheng (chinesisch 拨乱反正 / 撥亂反正), was wörtlich „Chaos beseitigen und zur Normalität zurückkehren“ bedeutet, war eine Zeit in der Geschichte der Volksrepublik China, in welcher Deng Xiaoping ab 1977 versuchte, Fehler der von Mao Zedong ins Leben gerufenen Kulturrevolution zu korrigieren. [83] Xi mentioned the aspirations of the average person, remarking, "Our people ... expect better education, more stable jobs, better income, more reliable social security, medical care of a higher standard, more comfortable living conditions, and a more beautiful environment." Legislaturperiode (2018 – 2023) im März 2018 Machtpoker: Neubesetzung des … "[116] The State Internet Information Department summoned a group of influential bloggers to a seminar instructing them to avoid writing about politics, the Communist Party, or making statements contradicting official narratives. [302], Relatives of highly placed Chinese officials, including seven current and former senior leaders of the Politburo of the Chinese Communist Party, have been named in the Panama Papers, including Deng Jiagui,[303] Xi's brother-in-law. [162] He and CCDI Secretary Wang Qishan further institutionalised CCDI's independence from the day-to-day operations of the CCP, improving its ability to function as a bona fide control body. [217][218][219] Premier Li Keqiang attended the forum in 2015 and Vice-President Li Yuanchao did so in 2016. "The Xi Jinping Doctrine of China's International Relations", This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 05:50. In 1982 Xi gave up that post, choosing instead to leave Beijing and work as a deputy secretary for the CCP in Hebei province. And for the military, it is a dream of a strong military", Xi told sailors. Beijing, 11. [139][140][141] He is also sometimes called the "Great Helmsman" (大舵手), and in July 2018 Li Zhanshu, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, referred to Xi as the "eternal core" of the party. Deng had two shell companies in the British Virgin Islands while Xi was a member of the Politburo Standing Committee, but they were dormant by the time Xi became general secretary of the Communist Party in November 2012. In March 2014 Xi made a trip to Western Europe visiting the Netherlands, where he attended the Nuclear Security Summit in The Hague, followed by visits to France, Germany and Belgium. He was promoted in 1983 to secretary, becoming the top official of the county. [117], Comparisons between Xi and the Disney character Winnie the Pooh are censored on Chinese internet following the spread of an internet meme in which photographs of Xi were compared to the bear. 7 Xi Jinpings zweite Amtszeit - wohin steuert China? Xi Jinping betonte darüber hinaus, dass die Ziele der Landesverteidigung und des Aufbaus der Armee im Jahr 2020 entschlossen verwirklicht werden müssten. Xi Jinping mentioned the link between the COVID-19 pandemic and nature destruction as one of the reason to the decision, saying that "Humankind can no longer afford to ignore the repeated warnings of nature,"[256] In the 27 of September, China's climate scientists presented a detailed plan how to achieve the target. ... wie es sich für zwei befreundete Staaten gleich nach Beginn einer neuen Legislaturperiode gehört. ", "All hail the mighty uncle – Chinese welcome Xi as the 'core, "This entire Chinese village is a shrine to Xi Jinping", "Why China is reviving Mao's grandiose title for Xi Jinping", "With tears and song, China welcomes Xi as great, wise leader", "An oath, and tears of joy in the Great Hall of the People", "China crowns Xi with special title, citing rare crisis", "End to term limits at top 'may be start of global backlash for China, "Xi Jinping's power play: from president to China's new dictator? [297] Xi and Peng have a daughter named Xi Mingze, who graduated from Harvard University in the spring of 2015. He seems to have developed a strong personal relationship with President Vladimir Putin. "Document No. He was based there until 1985, when he was appointed a party committee member and a vice mayor of Xiamen (Amoy) in Fujian province. Bi 2013 wurde Xi zum Generalekretär der Kommunitichen Partei, zum Voritzenden der Militärkommiion und zum Präidenten der Volkrepublik China gewählt. "Assessing the deterioration in China–US relations: US governmental perspectives on the economic-security nexus.